Paleolithic excavations in the Swabian Jura, information here
For further information on excavations taking place in 2017 please contact alexander.janas[at]uni-tuebingen.de.
Hohle Fels Cave
Hohle Fels is situated at the base of a Jurassic limestone cliff, just northeast of the town of Schelklingen. The cave has a volume of 6000 cubic meters and is one of the largest caves of the Swabian Jura. While Hohle Fels Cave provides an important record of the cultural stratigraphy of the Middle Paleolithic, Aurignacian, Gravettian and Magdalenian periods, it is particularly well-known for its Aurignacian and Gravettian finds. Hohle Fels Cave provides one of the rare opportunities to investigate the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition from Neanderthals to Anatomically Modern Humans using current methods. Noteworthy finds include a female figurine and flutes from the early Aurignacian layers, which represent the oldest evidence of figurative art and musical instruments worldwide.
The Paleolithic site of Vogelherd is located northwest of the town of Niederstotzingen and was excavated in 1931 in just 12 weeks. The site provided examples of mammoth ivory figurines from the Aurignacian, as well as important lithic and faunal assemblages from the Middle and Upper Paleolithic. Excavation of the back dirt from 2005 to 2010 yielded important Paleolithic finds, mainly from the Aurignacian deposits, including figurative art and personal ornaments. Vogelherd is one of the key sites for investigating the transition from Neandertals to Anatomically Modern Humans.
The site of Schöningen is situated at the edge of a brown coal mine. In the 1990s the site yielded eight wooden lances and several horse skeletons from 400.000 year old deposits. These finds document that the intelligence and social interactions of Homo erectus were more evolved than previously thought.