Dr. Andrew W. Kandel

Archaeology, Culture

Contact

The Role of Culture in Early Expansions of Humans
Universität Tübingen
Rümelinstr. 23
72070 Tübingen
Germany

Tel:+49 (0)70 71/2 97-21 33
Fax: +49 (0)70 71/29-44 65

email: a.kandel[at]uni-tuebingen.de 

Main research interests

  • Landscape archaeology
  • Pleistocene lifeways and subsistence strategies
  • Environmental reconstruction
  • Coastal adaptations
  • Personal ornamentation

Academic background

Since 2008 Project Archaeologist in the research center “The Role of Culture in Early Expansions of Humans–ROCEEH” of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities at the University of Tübingen

2005 Dissertation (Quaternary Ecology), Faculty of Geosciences, University of Tübingen

2004-2007 Scientific Staff, Department of Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology, University of Tübingen

1996-2003 Technical Staff, Department of Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology, University of Tübingen

1986-1995 Project Geologist (Dames & Moore), Los Angeles, California 1984-1985 (Oceanography), University of Washington, Seattle

1983 B.A. (Geology), University of Rochester, New York

Publications

  • Wolf, S., Dapschauskas, R., Velliky, B, Floss, H., Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2018): The use of ochre and painting during the Upper Paleolithic of the Swabian Jura in the context of the development of ochre use in Africa and Europe. Open Archaeology 4, 185-205. DOI: 10.1515/opar-2018-0012.
  • Shimelmitz, R., Friesem, D., Clark, J.L., Groman-Yaroslavski, I., Weissbrod, L., Porat, N. & Kandel, A.W. (2018): Sefunim Cave. The Upper Paleolithic and Epipaleolithic of Sefunim Cave, Israel. Quaternary International 464 A, 106-125. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.05.039.
  • Kandel, A.W., Bretzke, B. & Conard, N.J. (2018): Epipaleolithic shell beads from Damascus Province, Syria. Quaternary International 464 A, 126-140. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.07.021.
  • Taller, A., Gasparyan, B. & Kandel, A.W. (2018): Living on the edge: The earliest modern human settlement of the Armenian Highlands in Aghitu-3 Cave. In: Nishiaki, Y. & Akazawa, T. (eds.), The Middle and Upper Paleolithic Archeology of the Levant and Beyond. Springer, Singapore, pp. 119-131. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-6826-3.
  • Napierala, H., Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2017): Small game and shifting subsistence patterns from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Natufian at Baaz Rockshelter, Syria. In: Mashkour, M. & Beech, M. (eds.) Archaeozoology of the Near East, Vol. 9. Oxbow, Oxford, pp. 2-9.
  • Kandel, A.W., Gasparyan, B., Allué, E., Bigga, G., Bruch, A.A., Cullen, V.L., Frahm, E., Ghukasyan, R., Gruwier, B., Jabbour, F., Miller, C.E., Taller, A., Vardazaryan, V., Vasilyan, D. & Weissbrod, L. (2017): The earliest evidence for Upper Paleolithic occupation in the Armenian Highlands at Aghitu-3 Cave. Journal of Human Evolution (110), 37-68. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.05.010.
  • Bretzke, B., Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2017): The Middle Paleolithic sequence of Wadi Mushkuna Rockshelter and its implications for hominin settlement dynamics in western Syria. Quaternary International 435A, 106-114. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.01.035.
  • Karakostis, A.F., Velliky, B. & Kandel, A.W. (2017): Sixth Annual Meeting of the European Society for the Study of Human Evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology 26, 7-8.
  • Kandel, A.W., Bolus, M., Bretzke, K., Bruch, A.A., Haidle, M.N., Hertler, C. & Märker, M. (2016): Increasing Behavioral Flexibility? An Integrative Macro-Scale Approach to Understanding the Middle Stone Age of Southern Africa. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 23(2), 623-668. DOI 10.1007/s10816-015-9254-y.
  • Uhl, A., Mentzer, S.M. & Kandel, A.W. (2016): Fifth Annual Meeting of the European Society for the Study of Human Evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology 25, 41-42.
  • Will, M., Kandel, A.W., Kyriacou, K. & Conard, N.J. (2016): An evolutionary perspective on coastal adaptations by modern humans during the Middle Stone Age of Africa. Quaternary International 404B, 68-86. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.10.021.
  • Kyriacou, K., Parkington, J.E., Will, M., Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2015): Middle and Later Stone Age shellfish exploitation strategies and coastal foraging at Hoedjiespunt and Lynch Point, Saldanha Bay, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 57, 197-206.
  • Reyes-Centeno, H., Mentzer, S.M. & Kandel, A.W. (2015): Fourth Annual Meeting of the European Society for the Study of Human Evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology 24, 1-2.
  • Will, M., Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2015): Coastal adaptations and settlement systems on the Cape and Horn of Africa during the Middle Stone Age. In: N.J. Conard, A. Delagnes (eds.) Settlement Dynamics of the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age, Vol. IV. Tübingen: Kerns Verlag, 61-89.
  • Bruch, A.A.Kandel, A.W. & Lordkipanidze, D. (2014): The role of the Southern Caucasus on early human evolution and expansion - refuge, hub or source area? Antiquity 088, 339.
  • Kandel, A.W., Mentzer, S.M., Noback, M.L. & Reyes-Centeno, H. (2014): Third annual meeting of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology 23(2), 45-46. DOI: 10.1002/evan.21407.
  • Kandel, A.W., Gasparyan, B., Nahepetyan, S., Taller, A. & Weissbrod, L. (2014): The Upper Paleolithic Settlement of the Armenian Highlands. In: Otte, M., Le Brun-Ricalens, F. (eds.) Modes de contacts et de déplacements au Paléolithique eurasiatique, Actes du colloque international de la commission 8 (Paléolithique supérieur) de l'UISPP, Université de Liège, 28-31 mai 2012. Liège: Université de Liège 140, 39-60.
  • Gasparyan, B., Kandel, A.W. & Montoya, C. (2014): Living the high life: The Upper Paleolithic settlement of the Armenian Highlands. In: B. Gasparyan, A. Arimura (eds.) Stone Age of Armenia. Guide-book to the Stone Age Archaeology in the Republic of Armenia. Kanazawa University, Japan, 107-131.
  • Kandel, A.W. & Gasparyan, B. (2014): Seit wann leben Menschen im kaukasischen Hochgebirge? Senckenberg – natur forschung museum 144(7/8), 288-289.
  • Will, M., Parkington, J.E., Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2013): Coastal adaptations and the MSA lithic assemblages from Hoedjiespunt 1 in the Western Cape, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution 64, 518-537.
  • Clark, J.L. & Kandel, A.W. (2013): The evolutionary implications of variation in human hunting strategies and diet breadth during the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa. Current Anthropology 54(8), DOI:10.1086/673386.
  • Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2013): Stone Age Economics and Landuse in the Geelbek Dunes. In: A. Jerardino, A. Malan & D. Braun (eds.) The Archaeology of the West Coast of South Africa. British Archaeological Reviews International Series 2526, Cambridge Monographs in Africa Archaeology 84, pp. 24-49. Oxford: Archaeopress.
  • Kandel, A.W., Noback, M.L. & Slizewski, A. (2013): Second Annual Meeting of the European Society for the Study of Human Evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology 22, 157-158.
  • Napierala, H., Van Neer, W., Kandel, A.W., Peters, J. Uerpmann H.-P. & Conard, N.J. (2013): Fish in the Desert? The Younger Dryas and its influence on the paleoenvironment at Baaz Rockshelter, Syria. In: O. Bar-Yosef,F.R. Valla (eds.) Natufian Foragers in the Levant Terminal Pleistocene Social Changes in Western Asia. International Monographs. Prehistory Archaeological Series, Ann Arbor 19, 73-82.
  • Kandel, A.W. & Hertler, C. (2012): Homo sapiens…“wo noch nie zuvor ein Mensch gewesen ist“. Archäologie in Deutschland 2012 (4), 26-27.
  • Kandel, A.W., Bauer, C.C., Noback, M.L. & Singh, N. (2012): First Annual Meeting of the European Society for the Study of Human Evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology 21, 167-168.
  • Conard, N.J., Kahla, J.A., Bretzke, K., Napierala, H.A. & Kandel, A.W. (2012): The 2010 Excavation at the Middle Paleolithic Rockshelter of Wadi Mushkuna, Damascus Province, Syria. Chronique Archéologique en Syrie IV, 13-24.
  • Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2012): Settlement patterns during the Earlier and Middle Stone Age around Langebaan Lagoon, Western Cape (South Africa). Quaternary International 270, 15-29. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.06.038.
  • Kandel, A.W., Gasparyan, B., Bruch, A.A., Weissbrod, L. & Zardaryan, D. (2012): Introducing Aghitu-3, the First Upper Paleolithic Cave Site in Armenia. ARAMAZD: Armenian Journal of Near Eastern Studies 6(2), 7-23.
  • Kandel, A.W. & Hertler, C. (2012): Homo sapiens…“wo noch nie zuvor ein Mensch gewesen ist“. Archäologie in Deutschland 2012 (4), 26-27.
  • Thomas, D.B., Chinsamy A., Conard, N.J. & Kandel, A.W. (2012): Chemical investigation of mineralisation categories used to assess taphonomy. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 361-362, 104-110.
  • Bretzke, K., Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2011): Deducing landuse patterns from archaeological survey data. Chronique Archéologique en Syrie 5, 11-18.
  • Kandel, A.W., Conard, N.J. & Masri, M. (2010): The Settlement of Southwestern Syria: Results from the Tübingen Damascus Excavation and Survey Project (1999-2008). In: A. Abdulrahman (ed.) The History and Antiquities of al-Golan: International Conference. Damascus: Directorate General of Antiquities and Museums 57-70.
  • Conard, N.J., Masri, M., Bretzke, K., Napierala, H. & Kandel, A.W. (2010): Modeling Middle Paleolithic land use in the Damascus Province, Syria. In: N.J. Conard & A. Delagnes (eds.) Settlement Dynamics of the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age, Vol. III, pp. 123-144. Tübingen: Kerns Verlag.
  • Conard, N.J., Masri, M., Bretzke, K., Napierala, H., Welte, B. & Kandel, A.W. (2010): The 2008 Excavation at the Middle Paleolithic site of Wadi Mushkuna Rockshelter, Damascus Province, Syria. Chronique Archéologique en Syrie 4, 13-22.
  • Conard, N.J., Masri, M., Bretzke, K., Stahlschmidt, M. & Kandel, A.W. (2010): The 2008 TDASP Survey in the Damascus Province, Syria and the refinement of models of Paleolithic landuse. Chronique Archéologique en Syrie 4,  23-29.
  • Haidle, M.N., Bolus, M., Bruch, A.A., Hertler, C., Kandel, A.W., Märker, M., Conard, N.J., Hochschild, V., Schrenk, F. & Mosbrugger, V. (2010): The role of culture in early expansions of humans–A new research center. Quaternary International 223-224, 429–430.
  • Napierala, H., Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2010): Small game and the shifting subsistence patterns from the Upper Paleolithic to the Natufian at Baaz Rockshelter, Syria. In: M. Maskour, M. Beech (eds.) Archaeozoology of the Near East IX. Proceedings of the ninth international Symposium on the Archaeozoology of southwestern Asia and adjacent areas, Al Ain, U.A.E., Sept. 2008.
  • Fuchs, M., Kandel, A.W., Conard, N.J., Walker, S.J. & Felix-Henningsen, P. (2008): Geoarchaeological and chronostratigraphical investigations of open-air sites in the Geelbek Dunes, South Africa. Geoarchaeology 23, 425-449.
  • Conard, N.J., Walker, S.J. & Kandel, A.W. (2008): How heating and cooling and wetting and drying can destroy dense faunal elements and lead to differential preservation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 266, 236-245.
  • Dodonov, A.E, Kandel, A.W., Simakova, A.N., Masri, M. & Conard, N.J. (2007): Geoarchaeological characteristics of open-air Paleolithic sites in the Ma’aloula region, Damascus Province, Syria. Geoarchaeology 22, 589-606.
  • Kandel, A.W. (2007): Comparative Studies in Landscape Archaeology. (Abstract of Dissertation.) Archäologisches Nachrichtenblatt 12, 63-64.
  • Conard, N.J., Dietl, H., Dodonov, A.E., Drechsler, P., Kandel, A.W. & Masri, M. (2006): Results from the 2004 TDASP Survey. In: N.J. Conard (ed.) Tübingen-Damascus Excavation and Survey Project: 1999-2005. Tübingen: Kerns Verlag, pp. 325-336.
  • Conard, N.J. & Kandel, A.W. (2006): The economics and settlement dynamics of the later Holocene inhabitants of near coastal environments in the West Coast National Park (South Africa). In: H.-P. Wotzka (ed.) Grundlegungen. Beiträge zur europäischen und afrikanischen Archäologie für Manfred K.H. Eggert, pp. 329-356. Tübingen: Francke.
  • Kandel, A.W., Walker, S.J. & Conard, N.J. (2006): Near-coastal settlement dynamics at the Anyskop Blowout, an archaeological locality at Langebaanweg, South Africa. (Abstract for Langebaanweg 2006 Symposium.) African Natural History 2, 186-187.
  • Dietl, H., Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2005): Middle Stone Age settlement and land use at the open-air sites of Geelbek and Anyskop, South Africa. Journal of African Archaeology 3(2), 233-244.
  • Kandel, A.W. (2005): Comparative Studies in Landscape Archaeology. Doctoral thesis: University of Tübingen.
  • Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2005): Production sequences of ostrich eggshell beads and settlement dynamics in the Geelbek Dunes of the Western Cape, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 32, 1711-1721.
  • Avery, G., Kandel, A.W., Klein, R.G., Conard, N.J. & Cruz-Uribe, K. (2004): Tortoises as food and taphonomic elements in palaeo « landscapes ». In: J.-P. Brugal & J. Desse (eds.) Petits Animaux et Sociétés Humaines. Du Complément Alimentaire aux Ressources Utilitaires: XXIVe rencontres internationales d’archéologie et d’histoire d’Antibes. Antibes: Editions APDCA, pp. 147-161.
  • Kandel, A.W. (2004): Modification of ostrich eggs by carnivores and its bearing on the interpretation of archaeological and paleontological finds. Journal of Archaeological Science 31, 377-391.
  • Felix-Henningsen, P., Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2003): The significance of calcretes and paleosols on ancient dunes of the Western Cape, South Africa, as stratigraphic markers and paleoenvironmental indicators. In: G. Fuleky (ed.) Papers of the 1st International Conference on Soils and Archaeology, Szazhalombatta, Hungary, 30 May - 3 June 2001. Oxford: BAR International Series 1163, pp. 45-52.
  • Kandel, A.W. & Conard, N.J. (2003): Scavenging and processing of whale meat and blubber by Later Stone Age people of the Geelbek Dunes, Western Cape. South African Archaeological Bulletin 58, 91-93.
  • Kandel, A.W., Felix-Henningsen, P. & Conard, N.J. (2003): An overview of the spatial archaeology of the Geelbek Dunes, Western Cape, South Africa. In: G. Fuleky (ed.) Papers of the 1st International Conference on Soils and Archaeology, Szazhalombatta, Hungary, 30 May - 3 June 2001. Oxford: BAR International Series 1163, pp. 37-44.